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Please note: These search results do not contain links to electronic articles hosted by the University of Maryland Libraries, although some may be available online. Please contact the University of Maryland Libraries for assistance in obtaining copies of any of the articles cited in this bibliography.

Your search in the category "African American" returned 1381 results in 70 pages.

Showing results 141 through 160.

141)
Bedini, Silvio A. The Life of Benjamin Banneker: The First African-American Man of Science , rev. ed. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1999.

142)
Behrendt, Carolyn. "Charles Carroll of Carrollton Inventory of Property Slave List." Maryland Genealogical Society Bulletin, 23 (Fall 1982): 328-39.

143)
Beirne, D. Randall. "The Impact of Black Labor on European Immigration into Baltimore's Oldtown, 1790-1910." Maryland Historical Magazine, 83 (Winter 1988): 331-345.

144)
Beirne, Francis F. "The Four Merchants." In The Amiable Baltimoreans. New York, 1951; reprint, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.

145)
Beirne, Francis F. The Amiable Baltimoreans. New York, 1951; reprint, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.
Annotations / Notes: A social history of Baltimore City told through thematic chapters. Chapter topics are varied and include a wide range of subjects: i.e. monuments, food, sports, Hopkins Hospital, newspapers, and politics.

146)
Beitzell, Edwin W. "Warren Logan, Educator from Milestown to Tuskegee." Chronicles of St. Mary's 32 (September 1984): 185-188.

147)
Bell, Gregory S. “How Reginald Lewis Changed Business Forever.” Black Enterprise, 43 (December 2012): 62-64, 69-71.

148)
Bell, Gregory S. “How Reginald Lewis Changed Business Forever.” Black Enterprise, 43 (December 2012): 62-64, 69-71.

149)
Bell, Howard H. "The Negro Emigration Movement, 1849-1854: A Phase of Negro Nationalism." Phylon 20 (1959): 132-142.

150)
Bend, Doug. “A Tireless Journey: An Analysis of Thurgood Marshall’s Dedication to Equal Opportunity Fifteen Years after His Retirement from the Court.” Thurgood Marshall Law Review, 32 (Spring 2007): 167-89
Category: African American

151)
Bendler, Bruce A. "Race and Community Relations in 19th Century Warwick-Lockwood vs. Johnson." Bulletin of the Historical Society of Cecil County 83 (Winter 2000): 4-5, 8-9, 11.

152)
Bendler, Bruce. “The Coalman Family and Their Slaves: From Cecil to Iberville Parish.” Cecil Historical Journal, 3 (Summer 2003): 4-14.

153)
Benson, Robert Louis. "Notes on South County: Part III-Some Recollections of William H. Hall IV (1893-1992)." Anne Arundel County History Notes 24 (January 1993): 5-6.

154)
Benson, Robert Louis. "Notes on South County: Part IV: Additional Recollections of William H. Hall IV." Anne Arundel County History Notes 24 (April 1993): 9-10.

155)
Benson, Robert Louis. "Notes on South County: Part V." Anne Arundel County History Notes 25 (October 1993): 9, 14.

156)
Bentley, Amy. "Wages of War: The Shifting Landscape of Race and Gender in World War II Baltimore." Maryland Historical Magazine 88 (Winter 1993): 420-43.
Annotations / Notes: Bentley examines the impact of the dramatic changes occasioned by World War II-era production in Baltimore. In terms of race, while Jim Crow patterns prevailed in various arenas, most notably housing, new employment opportunities eventually became available as well, especially in such critical industries as steel and other war-related industries. Similarly, the role of women in employment expanded even as traditional roles were reaffirmed. Bentley argues that new wartime values challenged conventional stereotypes regarding race and gender and provided the basis for eventual changes.

157)
Bentley, Judith. Harriet Tubman. New York: Franklin Watts, 1990.

158)
Berlin, Ira, et al., eds. Free At Last: A Documentary History of Slavery, Freedom, and the Civil War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Annotations / Notes: Based upon the Freedman's Papers collection at the National Archives, this volume covers the comprehensive African American experience from slavery to freedom. Organized around primary documents, with short explanatory introductions, it explores various significant themes in this complex transformation. African Americans discovered that northerners, as well as former masters, were reluctant to recognize their equality and often imposed their views on such things as labor relations, the extent of personal freedom, and their proper role in the military. This book reveals that former slaves possessed a complex and sophisticated understanding of the meaning of freedom.

159)
Berlin, Ira, et al., eds. Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861-1867. Series I, Volume II. The Wartime Genesis of Free Labor: The Upper South. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Annotations / Notes: Based upon the Freedman's Papers collection at the National Archives, this volume focuses on the genesis of free labor. Chapter 4, which presents an essay followed by original documents, is devoted to the Maryland experience. Although slavery and free labor co-existed throughout the 19th century, slavery had been concentrated in Southern Maryland and on the Eastern Shore, and it was here that the greatest tension existed during the Civil War era. Runaway slaves quickly appeared at unionist camps, such as Point Lookout, or escaped to the national capital, in search of freedom and employment. By 1864 several government farms were created along the Patuxent River from abandoned property which was home to over 600 former slaves. Former slaves discovered that emancipation did not mean freedom. The state legislature, still under the influence of former slave owners, passed restrictive laws circumscribing their freedom, including an apprenticeship law which allowed white landowners to forcefully "apprentice" black children. The Union commander, General Lew Wallace, attempted to counteract this program by issuing General Order 112, but the effort was not supported by the national government.

160)
Berlin, Ira, et al., eds. Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861-1867. Series II. The Black Military Experience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Annotations / Notes: Based upon the Freedman's Papers collection at the National Archives, this volume focuses on the black military experience. Unlike most of the previous volumes, where there was an entire chapter devoted to Maryland, references to the state are scattered throughout the book. By the spring of 1865 some 179,000 black men enlisted in the Union army, of which 8,718 were from Maryland. These figures do not include service in the naval forces. Black enlistment helped to undermine slavery but it also contributed to a shortage of labor in rural areas. The families of enlistees were often ill-treated. Once in the Army, blacks were discouraged by unequal pay and by doing more manual labor than fighting. By the end of the war, however, black units fought with distinction. In Maryland, like other border states, black veterans were the objects of widespread terror as the former planter class attempted to reassert its hegemony.