Dame Myra Hess was born in London on February 25, 1890. She began studying with Matthay in 1902 and worked with him for five years. She made her debut in 1908. Many other performances followed throughout Europe. In 1922, Hess played her first concerts in the U.S. She continued to tour the U.S. and Europe annually, but remained in England during World War II, establishing a series of wartime concerts at London's National Gallery. Her post-war concerts were generally confined to England and the U.S., where she enjoyed considerable acclaim from her loyal audiences. Hess's later programs concentrated on selected works of Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann, and Brahms. She died in London on November 25, 1965.