Ossip Gabrilowitsch was born in 1878 in St. Petersburg, Russia. He studied at the Conservatory there from 1888 to 1894 and was a pupil of Anton Rubinstein. After two more years of study with Theodore Leschetizky in Vienna, 1896 saw Gabrilowitsch make his performance debut in Berlin. He spent the remainder of the decade building his reputation in Europe and followed that in 1900 with his American debut. Later, he added conducting to his talents and eventually settled in the U.S., marrying Clara Clemens, daughter of author Mark Twain. He died in 1936.