The Gordon W. Prange Collection is the most comprehensive archive in the
world of print publications issued in Japan during the first four years of the
Allied Occupation, 1945-1949. The Collection is comprised of virtually
everything published on all subjects during this period – books, pamphlets,
newspapers, periodicals, news agency photographs, posters, maps, ephemera and
related archival materials. Produced by commercial publishers as well as
grass-roots organizations such as labor unions, farm cooperatives, literary
societies, minority populations and schools, these publications capture the mood
of Japan during a pivotal period in the nation’s history.
- 71,000 book and pamphlet titles
(including 1,000 book and pamphlet titles with censorship action taken and 1,500
galley proof fragments)
- 140 ephemera items
- 13,800 magazines titles
- 18,000 newspaper titles
- 10,000 news agency photos
- 640 maps
- 90 posters
The contents of the Prange Collection once constituted the files of the
Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD), an operating unit of the
Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP) Press, Pictorial and Broadcast
Division (PPB). Between 1945 and 1949, the CCD was responsible for reviewing all
Japanese publications to identify violations of the Code for the Japanese Press.
Censorship action (deletions, suppression of entire works and a variety of
changes) was taken on a small, but significant, percentage of Prange materials.
The Collection contains approximately 600,000 censorship-related documents that
accompany the newspapers, magazines and books.
The CCD files copies listed above, considered the “core” of the Prange
Collection, were shipped to the University of Maryland in 1949-1950 under the
supervision of Gordon Prange. Miscellaneous English-language reports and
publications that date from the World War II years and the Occupation period
were included in the shipments. In the decades following 1950, personal
collections of Americans who served in the Allied Occupation of Japan have also
been acquired by the Prange Collection.
G-men, Call no. G-365, November 1948
Kempo no Ohanashi, Call no.524-051
Tojo descending from bus, November 4, 1948, Kyodo News Agency Photograph