Samuel L. Shneiderman, June 15, 1906 - October 8, 1996

English Articles

The following is a partial chronological list of S. L. Shneiderman's broad and prolific journalistic output in English. Full-text versions are available for selected articles.

  | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959 | 1960 | 1963 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 |

1946

"Hero of the Underground." The National Jewish Monthly, April, p. 270-1

The consular corps of New York recently acquired a notable member: the new Polish consul, Jan Galewicz, who has number 128433 tattooed on his arm

"Dead Empire: Living Monument." The National Jewish Monthly, November, p. 90-1

"When I first met General Emil Sommer, I felt as if a museum piece had stepped out of its glass case and come to life before my eyes. This Austrian Jewish general who was often invited to Emperor Franz Joseph's table, has more than five decades of stormy adventures behind him"

"I Saw Kielce: The Worst Pogrom." The National Jewish Monthly, December, p. 126-7, 134-5

Overshadowing all other pogroms (as distinct for the Nazi extermination program) which stain the history of this bloody century was the massacre that took place last July in Kielce, Poland.

1947

"DPs Are at the Breaking Point." The National Jewish Monthly, January, p. 158-9, 180-1

The pogrom in Kielce created a panic among the Jews in Poland, particualarly among the more than 100,000 repatriates from Russia

"The Paradox of Poland." Tomorrow, January, p. 5-11

'It is one of history's bitterest ironies that Poland, the first nation to be ravaged by nazism, should now emerge as the last stronghold of fascism and anti-Semitism'

"Polish Repatriates From Russia." The National Jewish Monthly, February, p. 196, 198-9

"During the summer of 1946, more than 150,000 Jews were repatriated from Russia to Poland, after five years of exile"

"A New Poland In Silesia?" The National Jewish Monthly, March, p. 232-3, 252-3

For the first time in the history of Poland, the government is making a genuine effort to enforce the equality of Jewish citizens, not only in the well-turned phrases of the constitution, but in reality

"A New Poland is Being Born." The National Jewish Monthly, June, p. 346-7

The abyss of Jewish misfortune in Poland is so deep, the swamps of hatred so vast, that the glimmers of the new emergent reality seem faint and deceptive. But the present account of my experiences in Poland would be incomplete if I failed to mention some bright aspects of which I was conscious even in my moments of deep despair, or if I failed to stress the already existing signs of a new, a reborn Poland

1948

"Saga of an Unknown Warrior." The National Jewish Monthly, February, p. 214-5

According to official documents including photographs, made by the Nazi occupation authorities in Poland, Max Borenstein is dead-executed by hanging. But I saw this supposedly dead man in Lodz; I had drinks with him in the Grand Hotel, and he told me his amazing story, which even the boldest Hollywood writers would not have dared imagine.

1949

"Negbah: Bastion of the Desert." The National Jewish Monthly, February, p. 172-3, 77

The heroic settlement of Negbah covers an area of only a thousand acres, but in the eyes of the people of Israel it is now as important a symbol as the city of Jerusalem. In this settlement, marked only on large-scale maps and not mentioned in any Baedecker, one of the most crucial battles of the recent Arab-Jewish war was fought. This battle was won by the young pioneers and farmers of Negbah

"Provisional Capital of Israel." The National Jewish Monthly, April, p. 248-52

Although Tel-Aviv is the metropolis of Israel, the provisional capital of the Jewish republic is the former German settlement of Sarona, a suburb of Tel-Aviv, which has now been given the Biblical name of Hakiryah

1956

"Behind the Scenes in Poland's Model City." The Reporter, October 4, p. 15-7

'Nowa Huta, meaning 'New Mill,' is Poland's major showpiece of Communist enterprise'

"The Truth About Life in Poland." Sunday Independent, October 28, p. 8

Nowa Huta, meaning New Mill, is Poland's major showpiece of Communist enterprise

"I Visit the Only Churchless City In Poland." Sunday Independent, November 4, p. 10

I learned at first hand about food in Nowa Huta, the model city of socialism, or at least about that in the Warsaw Restaurant, where the heads of the Communist hierarchy eat regularly

"Before the Earthquake in Poland." The Reporter, November 15, p. 18-9

'For Anyone familiar with the intellectual ferment in Poland since Stalin's death, there was no reason to be surprised by the recent upheaval there'

"The Four Days that Shook Poland." The Reporter, December 13, p. 15-8

'Poland's bloodless 'October Revolution' against Moscow's domination was completed in the short space of four days, mostly behind closed doors'

1957

"The Mother Who Lived a Miracle." McCall's, November, p. 61 etc.

'Linden Boulevard is in the heart of Brooklyn, a vast American urban plain'

(Note: This article concerns the reunion of a mother, Regina Gotz with her first-born son Benia, whom she gave birth to in a Jewish Ghetto in Lithuania over the objections of her husband, mother, ghetto leaders, and a Nazi decree commanding all pregnant women in the ghetto to submit to abortions. She gave him to a gentile and after thirteen years of hardship, they were reunited.)

"Wladyslaw Gomulka and the Balance of Paradox." The Reporter, December 12, p. 26-30

'During my two-month visit to Poland this fall, it was obvious that the hopes the Poles had pinned on their October revolution of 1956 had not been fulfilled. The victories won by this upheaval-a freedom of expression still unknown in any other Communist-ruled country, the end of forced collectivization, and the return of Polish deportees in Russia, which were all part of the bargain between Khrushchev and Wladyslaw Gomulka-were overshadowed by the bitter realization that instead of seeking to consolidate and extend its gains, the new regime was engaged in an all-out effot to stop the movement that had brought it to power'

1958

"Poland: The Reins Are a Little Looser." The Reporter, February 6, p. 29-31

'Poland was very close to economic disaster at the time of the October Revolution in 1956. Before the country had even begun to recover from the devastation of war and Nazi occupation, it became the victim of a political regime that adhered ruthlessly to the Moscow-prescribed course for building socialism in a hurry. But when I returned to Poland last fall, after an absence of eighteen months, it was apparent that Wladyslaw Gomulka's government had manage to bring about at least some improvements in the living standard'

1959

"Gomulka's Crusade Against the Horse." The Reporter, October 29, p. 27-8

'Poland revisited after eighteen months shows striking signs of economic improvement. The Warsaw streets are brighter and cleaner; new apartment houses rise over ruins that had lain untouched for years'

1960

"Jews in Romania." East Europe, September, p. 3-9, 24-5

Eliezer Zisho Portugal, Romanian Jewrys revered Rabbi of Skulen, has come to America...

"On the Evils of Fanatic Belief." East Europe, October, 51-3

The ideological foundations of the Spanish Inquisition come in for a detailed scrutiny in The Inquisitors, and the lessons the novel teaches have direct relevance to the contemporary political scene in Eastern Europe

1963

"Eclipse of the Polish October." Problems of Communism, September/October, p. 64-8

'Poland's Gomulka Regime has never held a public anniversary celebration of the bloodless revolt that brought it into being in October in 1956'

1965

"A Visit with Georg Lukacs." The New York Times Book Review, May 9, p. 30-2

'Georg Lukacs, universally recognized as the leading Marxist philosopher of esthetics and a profound literary scholar, has just turned 80...'

"Remnants of a Lost World." Hadassah, November, p. 4-5

'Still dominating the area that was once the medieval ghetto of Prague is the tower on the ancient Jewish town hall with its Hebrew clock, of which the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire once wrote: 'The hands of the clock in the Jewish quarter run backwards/and you, too, begin to move backward through life'

"The Jewish Credo of Georg Lukacs." Congress Bi-Weekly, December 27, p. 8-10

Hungary's Georg Lukacs in universally regarded as the preeminent literary scholar and critics of our time

1966

"Chukovsky on Jabotinksky." Hadassah, February, p. 10, 25

'The Soviet Union has long been a wasteland for Jewish life and culture, but deep underground the wellsprings of Jewish creativity have never ceased to flow'

"The Diary of Adam Czerniakow." Hadassah, June, p. 6, 20

'For nearly a quarter of a century, a tragic Jewish figure has remained silent in the tribunal of history as it weighs the guilt or innocence of those in the Judenrats, the Jewish governing councils appointed by the Nazis in the ghettos of occupied Poland in World War II'

1967

"Poland's Anti-Semitic Maoist Underground." The Reporter, January 26, p. 21-3

'In Poland, the European Communist state that is the most sorely beset by paradoxes and schisms, an underground party with a pro-Peking orientation has made its debut by issuing a manifesto whose root theme is anti-Semitism'

"The Polish Scene" The New York Times Book Review, April, p. 36-40

'The continual ferment among intellectuals in Poland, generally considered the most liberal and relaxed of Eastern Europe's Communist regimes, has been inflamed by the ouster from the ruling party of a major figure in the intellectual movement that sparked the bloodless revolution of October, 1956....'

1968

"Sprung from the Holocaust." Hadassah, March, p. 15

'A classic form of defiance to the censors by non-conforming writers is flight into exile. Henryk Grynberg, one of Polands most promising young novelists, has forcefully registered his protest against the tightening censorship restricting Polish creative writers by seeking asylum in the United States'

1969

"Gomulka's Blue Monday." Midstream, May, p. 49-60

In Poland, this is a very gloomy morning after. The orgy of anti-Jewish, anti-liberal witch hunting that lasted nearly two years is waning, and the nation's Communist rulers are awakening to find their house in disastrous disorder.

1970

"Yiddish in the U.S.S.R." The New York Times Book Review, November 15, p. 71-3 (Full Text)

'Sholem Aleichem's Yiddish classics are more popular in the Soviet Union than anywhere else in the world....'

1971

"Yiddish: The Kremlin's Durable Ghost." ADL Bulletin, January, p. 1-3, 8

There are clear signals that the Jewish problem in the Soviet Union, the existence of which is still stubbornly denied by its mass media, is receiving top-priority on high levels in the Kremlin.

"Turmoil in Poland: The Rise of Edward Gierek." Midstream, February, p. 22-34

The turbulent events in Poland that toppled the regime of Wladyslaw Gomulka and brought Edward Gierek to power seemed, to observes in the Western world, to happen with the suddenness of an earthquake. But most people inside Poland had been expecting them for a long time, and Gomulka's departure came as a relief

"The Jewish Challenge to the Kremlin." The American Zionist, May, p. 8-11

'The Soviet Union's anti-Zionist campaign, fought with every weapon in its propaganda arsenal, has resulted in a serious ideological defeat'

"Sovietish Heimland and its Editor, Aron Vergelis." Midstream, October, p. 1-17

'Aron Vergelis, who is entrusted with the editorship of Sovietish Heimland, the Soviet Union's lone Yiddish periodical, has also been charged with the mission of guarding the curtain that still conceals much of the inferno where perished most of the Soviet Yiddish writers'

1972

"A Somber Anniversary." Jewish Frontier, September, p. 13-5

'Twenty years have passed since the massacre of August 12, 1952, when twenty-four leading Soviet-Yiddish writers, artists, and scholars, were executed in the cellars of the Lubyanka prison in Moscow'

"The Testament of Adam Czerniakow." Jewish Frontier, June, p. 10-4

'Twenty years have passed since the tragic death of Adam Czeniakow, Chairman of the Judenrat in the Warsaw Ghetto-the largest Jewish community in Nazi-occupied Europe'

1973

"The Saga of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (1943-1973.)" Jewish Frontier, April, p. 8-13

'The Thirtieth Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising will be marked this spring by Jews all over the world with greater intensity than ever before'

1974

"Zalman Shazar's Fruitful Life." Jewish Frontier, November, p. 5-8

'Zalman Shazar, the third president of the State of Israel, "was gathered unto his people" on the eve of his 85th birthday. He had been one of the last Zionist visionaries who laid stress upon the spiritual might of an indivisible Jewish people

1976

"Dead Shtetlakh on the Vistula." Hadassah, January, p. 14-6

On a damp, chilly winter morning I made my way to the railroad station in Praga, on th east bank of the Vistula. I took a train to Bialystok, and from there I continued my painful journey through the dead Jewish shtetlakh in that region

"Warsaw Ghetto: Reevaluation of the Uprising." Hadassah, April, p. 12-3, 23, 27-8

On April 19, 1943, when the Nazis set out to liquidate the remnanats of the Warsaw Ghetto, they were stunned by the ferocity of the resistance they met

(NOTE: The article focuses on the account military commander of the Bundist fighting groups near the Ghetto brush factories, Mark Edelman.)

"'High' Anti-Semitism Revived." Midstream, August/September, p. 76-81

'It is amazing, a generation after the Holocaust, to see a book published in Polish, in London that makes an attempt to revive "high" anti-Semitism in a systematic form'

"The Ghost of Emes Walks in Pravda." Midstream, December, p. 51-6

'The uncamouflaged anti-Semitic Soviet campaign against Israel and Zionism has shaken those Jewish Communist groups which have stubbornly clung to the theory that only the Communist regime in Poland had adopted an official anti-Semitic line-in the Soviet Union the manifestation was marginal...'

1977

"A New Look at the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising." Jewish Digest, March, p. 22-9

'On April 19, 1943, when the Nazis set out to liquidate the remnants of the Warsaw Ghetto, they were stunned by the ferocity of the resistance they met'

"Chagall-Torn?" Midstream, June/July, p. 49-62

'On his ninetieth birthday, Marc Chagall had reaped all the wealth, honor, and public acclaim a creative man could hope for. His work, typically Jewish, is not only shown in the world's greatest museums but also adorns a wall of the Knesset in Jerusalem-the parliament of Israel, the supreme symbol of the Jewish state that was reborn after the massacre of European Jewry. And so one may well ask-what made Marc Chagall, in the autumn of his life, seek immortality in the citadels of Christianity?'

(Note: Chagall responded to this article with a handwritten note in Yiddish.)

1978

"Menachem Begin Thirty Years Ago." Midstream, April, p. 48-52

'Tel Aviv: October, 1948-A meeting with Menachem Begin is still a journalistic event, even though since the proclamation of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948, he has begun to appear at public meetings'

"The Dead Shtetlekh." Jewish Spectator, Fall, p. 41-7

'I began my journey to the shtetlekh with the small communities radiating out from Warsaw: Grochow, Leszno, Ozarow, Truskow, Okuniew, and Marti-Pustelnik, whose Jewish population prided itself on its model gardeners. During the 1930's there werehakhshara stations (training centers) in Pustelnik for young halutzim ready to emigrate to the Land of Israel. Now I could not find a single Jew nor any trace of Jewish life'

1979

"The Warsaw Ghetto Struggle." Jewish Digest, April, p. 68-77

'Holocaust historians unfamiliar with the vast documentation about the spiritual resistance that preceded the coordination, training, and acquisition of arms for the actual uprising, have give a distorted picture about the behavior of Easter European Jewry under Nazi rule'

(Condensed from Midstream, Vol. 24, No.6)

"Poland's Dissident Movement." Congress Monthly, December, p. 10-2

The underground opposition in Poland which fights for democratic freedom within the framework of the existing system is led by the young generation of intellectuals who grew up under the Communist regime

1980

"The New Archbishop of Paris--A Former Jew." The Forward, March 8, B-11, B-14-5

'Major American Jewish organizations which battle anti-Semitism and racial discrimination, and work towards Jewish-Christian understanding, are presently facing a difficult dilemma They don't know how to take the news from Rome about he nomination of the converted Jew, Jean-Marie Lustinger, as Archbishop of Paris'

1981

"With Warm Jews in Chilly Miami." The Forward, February 15, B-11

'In the struggle to achieve economic security in their new home, many Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe neglected their Yiddish cultural heritage. Now, free of material worries in the autumn of their lives, many of those immigrants have come to Miami, where Yiddish cultural activities have become part of the daily pattern of their lives'

"Hidden Treasures From the Warsaw Ghetto." Congress Monthly, April, p. 13-5

'The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that began on the first Seder night of April 18, 1943 was not a sudden flair up, as it is generally held, but a culmination of the spiritual resistance that developed from the very beginning of the German occupation of Poland in September 1939'

"Emil Ludwig-Prophet of German Crimes." The Forward, April 21, B-11, B-24

'The master of the political biography in our stormy century, the German-Jewish writer Emil Ludwig, was the first to warn the world about the inevitability of a new world war, which 'the same Germans are preparing, on a much more brutal and total level''

"New Revelations on Petain's Role During Nazi Occupation." The Forward, May 24, B-?, B-13

'In the moral accounting which prominent French historians are now conducting vis-à-vis the role of France during Hitler's attempted conquest of Europe, Marshal Phillipe Petain is depicted as the central figure of French fascism'

1982

"The Vanished World of Polish Jewry." Congress Monthly, February/March, p. 19-20

'At the height of the shocking events in Poland, which were accompanied by anti-Semitic incitement, a remarkable exhibition opened in New York containing works of art, historical documents, illuminated Haggadas, prayerbooks, ceremonial objects and communal archives rescued from burned-out synagogues that once belonged to the destroyed Jewish communities of Poland"

"In Search of Jewish Roots--Touring Eastern Europe." The Forward, July 22, p. 12-4

'The search for roots among the current generation of American Jews grows out of the urge to sanctify the memory of the victims of the Holocaust'

1983

"Jacob Glatstein." Midstream, April, p. 57-9

'Until the last days of his life, Jacob Glatstein, more than any other Yiddish writer of his generation, succeeded in maintaining the rebellious freshness, the intellectual inquisitiveness, and the amazing virtuosity of language he expressed just as powerfully in prose as in verse....'

"Polish Warsaw Ghetto Commemoration; To Go-Or Not To Go?" The Forward, April 1, 1-2

'Among the leaders of national Jewish bodies in the United States and Israel, as well of the organizations of survivors, a heated controversy has been going on recently around the question of whether or not to go to Poland to take part in the elaborate ceremonies commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising'

"Life, Death and Resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto." Congress Monthly, April/May, p. 10-2

The diary of Mary Berg, the first authentic document about the Warsaw Ghetto and the German mass murder of Jews in Poland, was published in English by L.B. Fisher in New York in April 1945

(reprinted from the preface of the Polish edition of Warsaw Ghetto: A Diary by Mary Berg)

1985

"An Intimate Portrait of Arthur Rubinstein." The Forward, January 4, p. 5, 18

'In the ominous period of Hitler's offensive in Europe, when the exiled German writers were overwhelmed by unceasing despair which in some instances led to suicide, Lion Feuchtwanger surprsed the world with his manysided [sic] creativity and his undeviating militancy'

"The Destiny of a Manuscript and its Author." The Forward, April 11, p. 3, 23

'Many stunning accounts of Jewish resistance, struggle and death in Nazi-occupied Poland, written in the ghettos, camps and hiding-places, under the gun of the oppressor, have not yet seen the light of day'

(Note: This article is an introduction to the once-anonymous Holocaust account "Written with a Toenail" that S.L. found in the Polish magazine the Wiez and played an important role in discovering the identity of the author,. Ignacy Trzeniewski'." "Written with a Toenail" was published in installments in the April 19, April 26, May 3, May 10, May 17, May 24, the last of which is S.L.'s conclusion, p. 7-8)

"Marc Chagall : A Jew from Vitebsk." Congress Monthly, May-June, p. 7-9

'In a century that, for all its degradation of the human spirit, also witnessed an exalting burst of creativity, the name of Marc Chagall, who died earlier this year at the age of 97, must surely be reckoned among the select company of innovative painters who define the art of the 20th century'

"Jewish Prague: Yesterday and Today." The Forward, September 21, p. 5-6

'One of this year's great cultural events in the United States is the monumental exhibit of Jewish antiquities, religious and secular, which opened last September at the Smithsonian Institute under the title 'The Precious Legacy' and is now being concluded in the Jewish Museum in New York'

"Who Will Redeem 'The Precious Legacy?'" The Forward, September 26, p.7-8

'Racing toward Germany in the spring of 1944, the last freight train of Jewish property plundered by the Nazis in Europe and North Africa got no further than Kodzko, in Lower Silesia, where the Red Army and the Polish Kosciuszko Division were fighting the final battle with the decimated units of the Wehrmacht.'

"Corpus Christi in Communist Poland." The Forward, October 11, p. 9-10

'In the capital of a 'divided' Poland I noticed no signs either of police suppression or of open resistance. During the time I as in Warsaw no demonstrations took place and I saw no passerby with any insignia of the Solidarity movement. Neither did I witness any distribution of illegal leaflets. It seemed as if an unofficial, temporary truce had been signed by both camps. However, this turned out to be a false impression created by the calmness of the surface'

"From the Chopin House to Sochaczew." The Forward, October 18, p. 5, 18

'About twenty miles from Warsaw the 'other' Polish reality begins to emerge, with a diminished police presence and with the invisible borders of Solidarity territory'

"Anti-Semitism and Philo-Semitism in Poland Today." The Forward, October 25, p. 9, 12

'In the cafeteria of the Czytelnik publishing house, which has lately become a haven for rebellious writers and intellectuals, we met with Prof. Josef Zawadzki-Grun, the 80-year-old veteran Marxist economist in Poland, who in recent years has begun to revise the economic theories of Karl Marx'

1986

"Auschwitz at the United Nations." The Forward, January 31, p. 5, 30 (Part I)

'At the U.N. complex on the East River, one can now view the long awaited exhibit about the monstrous Auschwitz death-factory where the Nazis murdered more than 'four-million men, women and children, most of them Jews.''

"Lublin, Then and Now." Congress Monthly, February, p. 11-3

'On a recent visit to Poland, I had occasion to be in Lublin. In the Polish handbooks that describe this historic city, I searched in vain for a mention of the Jewish creativity for which Lublin was noted and which traces back to the Middle Ages'

"The Jewish Chroniclers of Death at Auschwitz." The Forward, February 7, p. 9-10 (Part II)

'The painful history of the Jewish Pavilion at Auschwitz reflects the various phases of the militant anti-Semitism of the Polish Communist government, which was 'inspired' by Moscow'

"300th Anniversary of First Yiddish Newspaper in Amsterdam." The Forward, February 28, p. 5, 30

'For lovers of the Yiddish language who strive to preserve the cultural heritage of East European Jewry, a historically significant date is approaching, and one hopes it will be celebrated in the breadth that it deserves'

"Stefan Zweig and the Medieval Jewish Queen of Bulgaria." Part I, The Forward, April 11, p. 5, 32

'More than forty years after the tragic double suicide of the renowned Austrian Jewish writer Stefan Zweig and his wife Lotte, details have surfaced about the missing manuscript of Zweig's historical Jewish epic which the Nazis confiscated from his home in Salzburg when he and his wife fled to Brazil'

"Pages of Jewish Struggle and Triumph." Part IIThe Forward, April 18, p. 9, 33

'The extraordinary meeting that took place in the Middle Ages between the mighty Czar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria and the young Jewish woman, Sarah of Tirnovo, then capital of Bulgaria, was a kind of repetition of the events in the biblical Book of Esther'

"How the Bulgarian Jews Were Saved from the Nazis." Part IIIThe Forward, April 23, p. 11, 33

'The epic story of the rescue of the 48,000 Bulgarian Jews during World War II arouses admiration for the heroism of the intellectuals, workers, and everyday people in that country'

"New Attitude In Poland Toward Jewish Cultural Heritage." The Forward, May 9, p. 7, 33

'In the multiplicity of Jewish 'tribes'-in both the Diaspora and the State of Israel-there has recently been some movement among the tribe of Polish Jews who, up until the Nazi Destruction, served as a spiritual inspiration for Jews all over the world'

"Monument for a Destroyed Jewish Community." Part I, The Forward, May 30, p. 7, 27

'To the more than a thousand Memorial volumes on the destroyed Jewish communities of Eastern Europe that have been published in Tel Aviv, New York, Buenos Aires and Paris there has now been added the Sefer Ziroken [sic] Kehilat Breziv, as that Jewish community in southwest Galicia was known in Yiddish.'

"The Extinguished Jewish Shtetl." Part IIThe Forward, June 6, p. 13-4

'The first written documents about Brzozow, long before it was 'Yiddishized' into 'Breziv' stem from the beginning of the 14thcentury, the time of the Polish-Lithuanian kingdom, when this region was called 'Red Russia'

1987

"Traveling to Jerusalem." The Forward, September 18, p. 7, 39

'We began our trip to Jerusalem at dawn, taking the broad asphalt highway with its colorful, enchanting lower-gardens on both sides of the road'

"Holocaust Memorials-Memory is Selective." The Forward, September 18, p. 11, 37

'How Holocaust memorials proliferating in this country and overseas may 'distort or erase the past under the guise of memorializing it' is the central theme of the latest edition of Dimensions, published by the International Center for Holocaust Studies of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai Brith'

"New Cultural Fronts Opened in Jersusalem." The Forward, October 30, p. 15, 39

'The international art auction that took place this year in Jerusalem aroused tremendous interest among wide circles of the general Israeli public, spanning all shades of political and religious differences'

1988

"Yiddish Renaissance on the Eve of Holocaust." Midstream, April, p. 33-7

'In the present twilight of Yiddish language and culture throughout the world, and particularly in Poland, Jerzy Malinowski, a professor at the Art Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, has surprised the liberal community there with his monograph onYung Yidish, a dynamic movement of avant-garde painters and poets that gathered, from 1918 to 1923, around a Yiddish periodical of the same name'

"Storm Over Israel." The Forward, April 1, p.29, 35

'At dawn our jam-packed plane landed at Ben-Gurion airport'

(note: The article concerns the PLO's demonstrations)

"From My Literary Archive." The Forward, April 22, p. 11, 22

'In arranging my literary archive, which I am in the process of turning over to the 'Institute for the Study of the Diaspora' in Tel Aviv, I came across two documents that I had thought were lost-interviews with two European Jewish writers who managed to escape to America at the beginning of World War II. I had conducted these interviews for the Morgn-Journal in 1941, one with Elias Tcherikover (historian and a founder of YIVO) and the other with the writer I.J. Trunk'

"Israel Facing Historic Decisions." The Forward, May 13, p. 9, 16

'In Judea, Samaria, and Gaza, with their 11/2 million Palestinians, the uprising continues, although with much less intensity than when the demonstrations, road-blocking and stone-throwing began simultaneously in all the occupied territories'

"Seder Night, 5748, In Israel." The Forward, May 20, p. 7, 26

'The closer it came to Pesach, the more frequent became the reports of the 'diminishing aggressiveness' of the rebellious Palestinians in the territories occupied by Israel on the West Bank of the Jordan River since the Six-Day War'

(The article contrasts preparations for Pesach with Jewish reactions to the Arab-Israeli tensions.)

"Springtime in Israel, But the Mood is Clouded." The Forward, May 27, p. 9, 23

'In all the wars that Israel's armies have waged during the 40 years of its existence, people always had a clear sense that the victories would only move back the threat of a new Arab attack for a little while'

"Palestinians and Israelis Debate Under One Roof." The Forward, June 24, p. 9, 23

'The kernel of ABC's five-part television film, which lasts more than seven hours, is the forum that Ted Koppel conducted in Jerusalem with leading Israeli and Palestinian political personalities'

"An Abundance of Peace Plans in Israel." Part IThe Forward, July 1, p.7, 23

'In its forty years of struggle for secure borders, Israel has succeeded in making peace with only one of its Arab neighbors-the largest and also the first enemy of the Jewish people, Egypt-which, in doing so, ignored the threats of the Arab League'

"Peace Plans of Weizman and Rabbi Gorim [sic, commonly known as Gorem]" Part IIThe Forward, July 8, p. 7, 29

'Ezer Weizman's peace plan is hardly in harmony with the ideas of his colleagues in the alignment-Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin-who maintain that in order to launch a political offensive that would stop the disturbances in Judea, Samaria and Gaza it is necessary first of all that peace and order be established in the territories'

"Sneh: Rising Star of Israel's Labor Party." The Forward, July 15, p. 11

'The first public beginning at nominating candidates for the upcoming Knesset election was made at the end of May in Tel Aviv by the Labor Party (Avodah)'

"Moshe and Ephraim Sneh-Father and Son." The Forward, July 22, p .11, 28

'In this year of the 40th anniversary of the State of Israel, which is being celebrated in a mood of great anxiety because of the internal split and the external threat, four Israeli generals (Reserve) came to the U.S. at the invitation of the American Jewish Congress'

"Uproar Around an Outstretched Hand." The Forward, August 19, p. 13, 28

'Fifteen prominent American Jews from various circles in the community publicly greeted the statement of PLO spokesman Bassam Abu Sharif, which they characterized as 'the clearest statement thus far, by any Palestinian official, of a readiness to negotiate peace between Israel and the Palestinians'

"The PLO Peace Offensive and the Jewish 'Volunteers.'" The Forward, August 26, p. 9, 27

'In Tunis the lights are burning till midnight in the PLO chancelleries where the strategy of war and peace with Israel is being planned'

"A Jewish Victim of Stalin's Heirs." The Forward, September 9, p. 9, 33

'In the ongoing confrontation between Mikhail Gorbachev, the architect of 'Perestroika,' and Yegor Ligachev, the number two bureaucrat in the Soviet apparatus, who accuses the General Secretary of denying Stalin's 'historic achievements,' Soviet public opinion was suddenly reminded of a similar conflict that raged behind the Kremlin walls in the early 1960s between Nikita Khrushchev and Stalin's heirs, headed by Leonid Brezhnev...'

"Russians Finally Learn the Truth About the 'Doctors Plot.'" The Forward, September 16, p. 11, 30

'There has been a change in the grey, frozen face of the Soviet mass circulation press which for 50 years has chewed the same stale cud fed to it by Stalin and his heirs'

"Children of Accused in 'Doctors Plot' Give Evidence." The Forward, September 23, p. 7, 28

'Of the almost twenty people accused by Stalin in the infamous 'Doctors Plot,' only one, Prof. V.K. Vasilenko, the oldest of the group, a 'Hero of Socialist Labor' and a medical academician, died recently at the age of ninety'

"Will the anti-Stalinist Crusade in the USSR Succeed?" The Forward, September 30, p. 7, 26

'From Moscow come signals that the machinery of Gorbachev's bloodless revolution has stalled'

"Manes Sperber: Chronicler of a Tragic Era." Midstream, October, p. 41-4

'When Manes Sperber died on February 5, 1984 at the age of 79, the literary world lost not only an outstanding novelist and a superb essayist but also an uncompromising fighter against the lies of the Communist ideology which he himself had for years preached among the intellectual elite of Western Europe....'

"Crisis in Gorbachev's Bloodless Revolution." The Forward, November 18, p. 7, 18

'The scope of the bold reform proposals that one sees in the pages of Soviet magazines these days, particularly in Ogonyok, is truly remarkable'

"I Was in Taba." The Forward, November 25, p. 11, 32

'In Egypt there was 'jubilation and rejoicing.' At the beginning of October, as the tiny Jewish community in Cairo-a few score older people-was preparing for Smicha Tora, Egyptian radio and television were blaring out the latest news about 'the peaceful Egyptian victory over Israel.' Newspaper headlines screamed, 'Taba in Egyptian Hands Again!'

"The Price of Peace With Egypt." The Forward, December 2, p. 9, 28

'In Eilat, Israel's gateway to the African continent and the Far East, I heard local Jews, in a tone of deep despair, express their conviction that Israel had lost the Taba controversy with Egypt and that the blame for this defeat lies with both sides of the divided government of national unity.'

"Moscow Wrestles With the 'Stalin-Dybbuk.'" The Forward, December 9, p. 3, 13

'The overwhelming majority of the Russian people, who cannot rid themselves of the Stalin 'dybbuk,' is searching for an answer to the gnawing question: how it was possible for that bloody tyrant, with his frequent attacks of schizophrenia and paranoia, this Georgian peasant' son who has studied for the priesthood-how was it possible for him to have stood at the head of the dictatorial Communist empire for 30 years and sent millions of innocent people to their death'

"The Jewish Outcry Against Genocide." The Forward, December 16, p. 15, 22

'It is a painful fact that the law against genocide which was adopted by the U.N. in 1948 was not ratified by the U.S. Senate and signed by President Reagan until forty years later'

"Before Kristallnacht There Was Deportation to Zbonszyn." The Forward, December 23, p. 15-6

'The 50th anniversary of the Nazis' November pogrom, known as Kristallnacht, was commemorated this year in both Germanys as well as in Jewish communities throughout the world'

1989

"The 'Jewish Peace Lobby' in Washington." The Forward, August 25, p. 19, 23

'In these days of Israel's difficult struggles not only with the Palestinians in the territories and with the PLO in Tunis, but also with the crazed Shiites of the "Party of God" in Lebanon, a new pro-Palestinian organization has surfaced on the political scene in Washington under the camouflaged name of "Jewish Peace Lobby'

"In Poland They Are Avoiding the Word 'Jew.'" The Forward, December 15, p. 9, 10, 20

'More than in the other countries of the shaky Communist empire, passionate debates are now going on in Poland over methods to hoist the stagnant economy out of the swamp into which the Party bureaucrats, with their mechanical, centralized system, have led the country'

1990

"A Great Light Has Been Extinguished." The Forward, January 26, p. 9, 21

'In the last hours of his stormy life and his many years of lonely struggle against the evils of the Soviet regime, the renowned atomic scientist and Nobel laureate Andrei D. Sakharov, speaking to the Supreme Soviet in Moscow before the eyes of almost the entire world, had his first confrontation with the beleagured Soviet reformer Mikhail Gorbachev, who had freed Sakharov from 'internal exile.'

"Adam Michnik, Visionary of the Bloodless Polish Revolution." The Forward, February 23, p. 7

'At the side of the peasant-son Lech Walesa who, in the stormy decade just passed, emerged as the national hero of 'a democratic Poland on-the-way,' stands Adam Michnik, son of sorely tried Polish-Jewish Communist activists in pre-war Poland, was the youngest, most influential rebel under the repressive Gomulka regime which, in the late 1950s, was firm in the saddle'