Fully-searchable database of full-text primary resources dating from 1492 to 1969. Includes Exploration journals and logs, correspondence, diaries; official government papers; missionary papers; travel writing; slave papers; maps; marketing posters; photographs; and Illustrations, with many in color.
Updated edition of this work on Judaism features more than 21,000 entries on Jewish life, culture, history, and religion, written by Israeli, American and European subject specialists. Available through the Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Reference to people, history, institutions, and countries related to religious, political, and historical aspects of Islam.
Online edition. of volumes 1 through 11 of the print encyclopaedia. Includes a search engine enhanced by the inclusion of two original indices (Index of proper names; Index of subjects).
Christian Muslim relations & bibliographical history online is a general online history of relations between the fathis.it covers the period from 600 to 1500when encounters take place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin, and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qua’ran, Qua’ran commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith, and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.
A comprehensive research tool dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community..
The Encyclopedia of American Jewish History records and analyzes the American Jewish experience from its beginnings in the mid-seventeenth century to the present. It examines the encounters with, and impact on, America of successive waves of Jewish immigrants and their descendants, including Sephardim, Ashkenazim, Holocaust survivors, Soviet Jews, and Mizrahim.
The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online (EALL Online) comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope, with topics in such fields as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy and computer science. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. Relevant aspects of the study of Arabic at all levels of the language (pre-Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, Arabic vernaculars, mixed varieties of Arabic) are included. No other reference work offers this scale of contributions or depth and breadth of coverage. It contains all content of the print edition and new content is added on a regular basis. The EALL Online, cross-searchable and cross-referenced, is updated annually.
Explores in a comprehensive, non-technical way the intricacies of this subject from multiple perspectives: its history, policy, classroom practice, instructional design, and research bases.
A complete business reference covering five general areas: finance and banking; accounting; marketing; management; and information systems.
Coverage includes contributions from executives, government administrators and scholars from leading business programs from around the United States.
This encyclopedia covers methodological issues in conducting case study research and explores both the strengths and weaknesses of different paradigmatic approaches. These two volumes focus on the distinctive characteristics of case study research and its place within and alongside other research methodologies.
Covers the human rights and civil liabilities that are legally recognized in the United States. Entries address civil rights issues from a variety of perspectives, such as race, gender, age, medical status or conditions, physical and mental challenges, group membership, religion and many others.
Over 450 A to Z articles addressing the latest advances and findings in computer science and engineering, including standards, electronic commerce, financial engineering, and computer education. References and websites of related interest accompany every article. Articles are peer-reviewed.
This 8 volume encyclopedia set provides a comprehensive overview of education within the United States and throughout the world. With over 850 cross-referenced entries, the entries address such items as K-12 education, higher education, international education, educational policy and legislation, learning and instruction, teacher preparation and testing. In addition, the encyclopedia has 121 biographical sketches of influential educators. Vol. 8 provides detailed entries for court cases, legislation, and international agreements, as well as a substantial index.
The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested from to the present day.
The five-volume Encyclopedia of Human Rights, edited by David Forsythe, offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of human rights theory, practice, law, and history in over 300 entries signed by leading scholars and human rights experts. The coverage includes major figures, organizations and institutions, human rights events and crises, and human rights norms.
Provides information on all aspects of Judaism. Covers 4000 years of Jewish history, Jewish communities, literature, art, sociology, significant biographies, the Diaspora, Zionism, and Israel.
Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic world is the first cohesive and discreet reference work which covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval , early modern and periods .
Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts.
The Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science covers topics related to archival science, bibliography. Document and genre theory; informatics; information systems; knowledge management ;library and information science, museum studies; records management social studies of information. International scope
This encyclopedia covers the full range of life sciences research, highlighting structures, processes, methods, systems and applications. Its scope includes the molecular and cellular as well as the organismal level.
Includes essays on specific minority and ethnic groups in the United States, on culture (religions, holidays, customs, language), historical background and settlement patterns.
English-language reference source for philosophy," has been the cornerstone of the philosophy reference shelf. Lauded for its clear and accessible presentation of wide-ranging philosophical subjects, the Encyclopedia has earned its place as a first-stop resource for general readers, students and educators.
This encyclopedia's 30,000 entries cover all genres and periods of popular music from 1900 to the present day, including jazz, country, folk, rap, reggae, techno, musicals, and world music. The expanded Fourth Edition includes thousands of new entries on trends, styles, record labels, venues, and music festivals. Key dates, biographies, and further reading are provided for artists covered, along with complete discographies that include record labels, release dates, and a 5-star album rating system. Included in this Oxford Digital Reference Shelf edition are online-exclusive entries that originally appeared on Oxford Music Online.