Baker, Jean H. The Politics of Continuity: Maryland Political Parties from 1858 to 1870.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.
Annotations / Notes: This is a study of political parties during the Civil War era. Beginning with the unexpected implosion of the Whig Party, and the remarkable vitality of the Know Nothing or American Party in the 1850s, Maryland drifted into the Civil War. The Democratic party stressed three themes in 1859 - fear and hatred of the Negro, the need to end the election interference of the Know Nothings, and the necessity of protecting "Constitution and Union." In the maelstrom of secession, they lost control of the state and were displaced by a new coalition, the Union Party, as the war ensued. The Unionists may have replaced the Democrats in power but not in the minds of the people. With the war's end, and notwithstanding the provisions in the Constitution of 1864 disenfranchising southern supporters, most of whom were Democrats, the party reassumed its dominance and their issues once again defined state politics.