The United State Newspaper Program
"To ensure that America's historical newspapers will be available for its citizens, the NEH conducted from 1982 to 2011 the United States Newspaper Program (USNP). The USNP was a cooperative national effort among the states and the federal government to locate, catalog, and preserve on microfilm newspapers published in the United States from the eighteenth century to the present. With NEH funding and technical assistance from the Library of Congress, all state projects were successfully completed."
- 1982: The United States Newspaper Program (USNP), “a cooperative national effort among the states and the federal government to locate, catalog, and preserve on microfilm newspapers published in the United States from the eighteenth century to the present,” is established.
- 1983: The Maryland State Archives is awarded funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) through the USNP to conduct a preliminary survey of newspaper holdings in the state of Maryland.
- 1988: The University of Maryland Libraries is granted funding from NEH to locate and catalog all newspapers held in Maryland. Simultaneously, the Maryland State Archives is awarded funds from NEH to begin microfilming these papers.
- 1990: Cataloging of Maryland newspapers is completed. The results: 2,356 titles were cataloged representing 5,308 newspaper holdings from 87 institutions across the state.
- 1991: The Maryland Newspaper Project: A Guide to Newspapers and Newspaper Holdings in Maryland (First Edition) is published. An updated version can be accessed at the Maryland State Archives' website.
- 1990s - 2000s: Newspaper microfilming and digitization initiatives occur across the state outside the auspices of the USNP. Some projects make newspapers freely accessible; others incorporate newspapers into commercial databases.
The National Digital Newspaper Program
"The National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Library of Congress (LC), is a long-term effort to develop an Internet-based, searchable database of U.S. newspapers with descriptive information and select digitization of historic pages. Supported by NEH, this rich digital resource will be developed and permanently maintained at the Library of Congress. An NEH award program will fund the contribution of content from, eventually, all U.S. states and territories."
- 2003: NEH and the Library of Congress (LC) establish goals and guidelines for the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), “a long-term effort to provide permanent access to a national digital resource of newspaper bibliographic information and historic newspapers.”
- 2005: The first two-year grant cycle of NDNP awards begins. California, Florida, Kentucky, New York, Utah and Virginia are the first states to participate.
- 2007: Chronicling America is launched by LC and NEH, providing the public with a free database of newspapers digitized by the NDNP. Chronicling America also hosts the U.S. Newspaper Directory, the result of extensive inventories compiled during the USNP.
- 2012: The University of Maryland Libraries applies for an NDNP grant for the state of Maryland and is awarded $325,000 from NEH to fund the Historic Maryland Newspapers Project.
- 2014: Maryland newspapers are added to the growing collection of over 7 million digitized newspaper pages available to the public for free at Chronicling America.
- 2014: The University of Maryland Libraries is awarded a second NDNP grant of $290,000 to continue the project through August 2016.
- 2016: The University of Maryland Libraries is awarded a third NDNP grant in the amount of $250,000 to continue the project through August 2018.
- 2018: The University of Maryland Libraries is awarded a fourth NDNP grant in the amount of $264,000 to continue the project through August 2020.