Academic Departments — (1998)-83; (2001)-88; (2013)-91.

Academy Award winners — Dianne Wiest (Class of 1969) won the 1995 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the movie Bullets over Broadway; she also won the same award in 1986 for Hannah and Her Sisters. Mark Lasoff (Class of 1988) won an Oscar in 1998 for Best Visual Effects for the movie Titanic. Walt Disney adapted the popular children's book The Story of Ferdinand, written by alumnus Munro Leaf (Class of 1927), into the seven-minute animated film Ferdinand the Bull, which won an Academy Award in the Best Short Subject (Cartoon) category in 1938.

ACC — The University of Maryland is one of eight charter members of Atlantic Coast Conference, an intercollegiate athletics organization founded in 1953. The Terrapins compete against the University of Virginia, North Carolina State University, Georgia Tech (Georgia Institute of Technology), Clemson University, Florida State University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Wake Forest University, and Duke University; Virginia Tech (Virginia Polytechnic and State University) and the University of Miami became members in 2004, and Boston College joined in 2005. The conference expanded again, adding the University of Pittsburgh and Syracuse University in September 2011, and Notre Dame in September 2012. On July 1, 2014, Maryland will depart the ACC and join the Big Ten Conference.

Acres on campus — (2004) 1,382 including off-campus locations that the University is responsibile for maintaining; 650 acres comprise main campus, not including the woods and the golf course.

Acres on original campus — 428; purchased from Charles Benedict Calvert, prominent planter and landowner in Prince George's County, at a cost of $50 per acre.

Portrait of Hiram Whittle

Hiram Whittle, first African American undergrad

African-American students — The first African-American undergraduate student was Hiram Whittle, who entered the University of Maryland in 1951. The first African-American graduate student to complete his coursework on campus was Parren James Mitchell, who received his M.A. in sociology in 1952. The first African-American female undergraduate at the university was Elaine Johnson, who began her studies in 1955 and received her degree in education in 1959.

Other early African-American students at the university include Rose Shockley Wiseman, Myrtle Holmes Wake, and John Francis Davis, who completed their coursework off-campus but received their master's degrees in education at the June 9, 1951, commencement ceremony in College Park, and Selma Romaine Mason Toye, who received a M.Ed. degree on August 2, 1957.

Additional early African American undergraduates included Cephas Donald Hughes, Franklin William Hunt, and Wallis Worthington Johson, who received their degrees in 1960.

In 1959 Joseph Alexander Wiseman, husband of alumna Rose Wiseman, was the first African-American awarded a doctoral degree by the University of Maryland. Dr. Wiseman's dissertation was entitled "An evaluation of the special school systems during a three-year period beginning in 1955-56 through 1957-58." Seven years later, in 1996 Rebecca Carroll became the first African-American woman to earn a doctorate from the University of Maryland. She received her degree in Education, and her dissertation was entitled "A Comparative Study of the Self-Perceptions of Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls as Learners." Jerus C. Wilson was another early African American Ph.D. recipient; he received his desgree in Experimental and Quantitative Psychology in 1962 for his dissertation entitled "An Investigation of Vigilance in the Rhesus Monkey."

Agricultural Experiment Station — Established in 1888. The first off-campus substation, Ridgely, was established in 1918.

Agriculture and Natural Resources, College of — Created in 1995 from parts of other administrative entities; new name reflects the growing importance of conservation and management of water, soil, air, plant and animal resources. Instruction in agriculture dates to founding the of the Maryland Agricultural College in 1856.

Portrait of Connie Chung as 1966 Freshman Queen

Connie Chung as 1966 Freshmann Queen

Agriculture Day — This celebration was first held in 1924, when the campus Livestock Club held its first fitting and showing contest as part of "Farmer's Day," which was sponsored by the university.

Allegany Hall — Dormitory constructed in 1954; named for Allegany County, Maryland.

Alumni Day — Celebration associated with June graduation exercises. Among the activities on Alumni Day were planting ivy by the senior class (begun in 1926), a tug-of-war between the Sophomore and Freshman classes, the passing on of school traditions, and class reunions.

Alumni, famous — A number of Maryland alumni have gone on to achieve fame, including Carl Bernstein (reporter for the Washington Post who helped break the Watergate story); Connie Chung (television news anchor); Larry David (co-creator and executive producer of Seinfeld); Len Elmore (sportscaster on ESPN); Roland Martin (fishing expert and broadcaster); Odonna Matthews (vice president for consumer affairs at Giant Food); Mark McEwen (weather and entertainment editor for CBS This Morning); Parren Mitchell (congressman); Galo Plaza (president of Ecuador); Pernell Roberts (actor); Ken Waissman (Broadway producer); Dianne Wiest (actress); Vashti McKenzie (first women to be elected bishop in the African Methodist Episcopal Church); and Jason Kravitz (actor on the television series The Practice). (See also Alumni Hall of Fame, Alumni of Note and Quarterback Factory, among other topics.)

Alumni Hall of Fame — Created to celebrate individuals whose personal and professional achievements have brought honor and distinction to the University of Maryland. Alumni are honored with a display in the Samuel Riggs IV Alumni Center. A new group of inductees is selected every five years.

Inaugural members in 1995: Carmen Balthrop (B.M. 1971), Harry Clifton "Curley" Byrd (B.S. 1908), A. James Clark (B.S. 1950), William P. Cole, Jr. (B.S. 1910), Mary Stallings Coleman (B.A. 1935), Geary F. Eppley (B.S. 1920, M.S. 1926), Charles L. Fefferman (B.S. 1966), Herbert A. Hauptman (Ph.D. 1955), Jim Henson (B.S. 1960), Steny H. Hoyer (B.S. 1963), Carlisle H. Humelsine (B.A. 1937), Munro Leaf (B.A. 1927), Samuel J. LeFrak (B.S. 1940), Parren J. Mitchell (M.A. 1952), Jane Cahill Pfeiffer (B.A. 1954), Judith A. Resnik (Ph.D. 1977), Chun-Shan Shen (Ph.D. 1961), William W. Skinner (B.S. 1895), Adele H. Stamp (M.A. 1924), Reginald V. Truitt (B.S. 1914, M.S. 1922) and Millard E. Tydings (B.S. 1910).

Inductees in June 2000: Adisai Bodharamik (Ph.D. 1970), Waldo Burnside (B.S. 1949), Robert F. Chandler, Jr. (Ph.D. 1934), Ruth Davis (M.S. 1952, Ph.D. 1955, honorary doctorate 1993), Len Elmore (B.A. 1978), Norman "Boomer" Esiason (B.A. 1984), John E. Faber (B.S. 1926, M.S. 1928, Ph.D. 1937), Robert E. Fischell (M.S. 1953, honorary doctorate 1996), Harry Hughes (B.S. 1949), Hugh Jacobsen (B.A. 1951, honorary doctorate 1993), Albin O. Kuhn (B.S. 1938, M.S. 1939, Ph.D. 1948), George J. Laurer (B.S. 1951), Kathleen Magee (M.Ed. 1972), Evelyn Pasteur Valentine (M.S. 1967, Ed.D. 1986).

Inductees in June 2005: Connie Chung (B.S. 1969), Larry David (B.A. 1970), Raymond Davis, Jr. (B.S. 1937, M.S. 1940), Carly Fiorina (M.B.A. 1980), Jon Franklin (B.S. 1970), Liz Lerman (B.A. 1970), Manning Marable (Ph.D. 1976), Russell Marker (B.S. 1923, M.S. 1924), Tobin Marks (B.S. 1966), Thomas "Mike" Miller, Jr. (B.S. 1964), Renaldo Nehemiah (B.A. 1981), Thomas Norris (B.S. 1967), Michael Olmert (B.A. 1962, Ph.D. 1980), Robert H. Smith (B.S. 1950), Gary Williams (B.S. 1968), and Morgan Wootten (B.S. 1956).

Inductees in June 2010: Charles Bennett (B.S. 1978), Gail Berman (B.A. 1978), Lester R. Brown (M.S. 1959, L.L.D. (Hon) 1976), George Dantzig (B.S. 1936, D.Sc. (Hon) 1976), Mylo S. Downey (B.S. 1927, M.S. 1940), Jeong Kim (Ph.D. 1991), Charles Thomas "Tom" McMillen (B.S. 1974), Robert Parker, Jr. (B.A. 1970), and Bernice Resnick Sandler (Ed.D. 1969).

Further information on the Hall of Fame can be found on the Alumni Association website.

American Association of Universities — The University of Maryland was elected to membership in this prestigious organization in 1969.

Annapolis Hall — Originally constructed in 1924; designed by Flournoy and Flournoy; razed and rebuilt in 1988; named for the state capital, Annapolis, Maryland.

Anne Arundel Hall — Dormitory constructed in 1937; named for Anne Arundel County, Maryland.

Apiary — Constructed in 1951 adjacent to the McNamee Cemetery near Byrd Stadium, the apiary was originally home to the University of Maryland bee colony, which produces several varieties of honey sold on campus. The building is now the outreach center for the University of Maryland Arboretum and Botanical Garden.

Architecture Building — Constructed in 1972. Special features of the building include a plaque dedicated to Henry Powell Hopkins in honor of his support of the School of Architecture and a sculpture behind the building given in memory of Herbert E. Rycroft II, sculpted by Raymond Kaskey in 1972.

Photograph of Old Annapolis Hall

Old Annapolis Hall

Architecture, Planning, and Preservation; School of — Founded in 1967 as the School of Architecture; now includes programs in historic preservation and urban studies and planning. For more information, visit the School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation website.

Art Gallery — Founded in 1965, located in the Art-Sociology Building since 1976. The gallery supports the development of contemporary art and visual culture in the region, as well as academic scholarship and research on campus. Three other art galleries on campus are the Herman Maril Gallery (Art-Sociology Building), the David C. Driskell Center (Cole Activities Building), and the Stamp Gallery (Stamp Student Union). For more information, visit the University of Maryland Art Gallery website.

Arts and Humanities; College of — The college traces its history to the founding of the College of Arts and Sciences in 1921. At present the college includes a broad array of subject departments and specialized centers forming the core of the university's programs in arts and humanities disciplines. The university established the college under its current configuration in 1986, forming the college from other administrative entities. For more information, visit the College of Arts and Humanities website.

Astronauts — Judith Resnik, one of the astronauts who perished in the Challenger explosion, received a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Maryland in 1977; Paul Richards, a 1991 graduate with a master's degree in mechanical engineering, spent March 8-21, 2001, in space on the STS-102 Discovery mission to the International Space Station. He presented University of Maryland President C. D. Mote, Jr., with a banner he took on his first mission into space at a ceremony during Maryland Day 2001. William (Willie) McCool, who died aboard the space shuttle Columbia, received his master's degree in computer science from the university in 1985. Richard "Ricky" Arnold II (M.S., Marine Biology, UMCP, 1992) was selected as a member of the 2004 class of astronaut recruits; his first journey into space was aboard the space shuttle Discovery, on a February 2009 mission to the International Space Station. Jeanette Epps (M.S. Aerospace Engineering, 1994; Ph.D. 2000) was selected as a member of the 2009 astronaut candidate class and completed her candidate training in 2012.

Athletes, African-American — The University of Maryland led the way in integrating intercollegiate competition in several sports in the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). Maryland fielded the first African-American team members in swimming (James Williams, 1964-1966); track (Elmore Hunter, 1965); football (Darryl Hill, 1962); and men's basketball (Billy Jones, 1964).

Athletic Directors — Fourteen individuals have held the title of Director of Athletics at the University of Maryland: Charles S. Richardson (1900s), Curley Byrd (1914-1935), L. B. Broughton (acting 1936), Geary Eppley (1937-1947), Walter Driskill (1947-1948), Jim Tatum (1948-1956), William W. Cobey (1956-1969), Jim Kehoe (1969-1978 and 1980-1981), Carl James (1978-1980), Dick Dull (1981-1986), Lew Perkins (1987-1990), Andy Geiger (1990-1994), Deborah Yow (1994-2010), and Kevin Anderson (2010-present).

Prior to Richardson, the athletics department was primarily managed by an Athletic Association and executive council representing various sports. An Athletic Board consisting of about five members continued to provide support for athletics well after the advent of an official Athletic Director. In 1994, Deborah Yow became the first woman to hold this position. Kevin Anderson is the first African American to serve in this capacity, replacing Yow on October 1, 2010.