Introduction to Chinese Collection
McKeldin Library newest Chinese database, China Academic Journals (CAJ) Full-text Database, is the world's most complete Chinese periodical database. It contains more than 627 journals (1994-), includes literature, philosophy, history, archeology, music, arts, sports, culture, language, and current news. For complete list, please check CAJ Table of Content.
How To Use China Academic Journals (CAJ) Full-text Database
You may search CAJ Database by:
- Journal Title
Catalog provides access to books, nonprint, government documents, periodical titles and other materials owned by the University of Maryland Libraries. This guide describes the basic commands and strategies to find Chinese materials from catalog.
For more assistance, please call the Chinese librarian at East Asia Collection, McKeldin Library at (301)405-9084.
To access catalog please visit UM Libraries' home page: http://www.lib.umd.edu
What Chinese Materials You Will Find in Catalog?
The Chinese materials that you will find in Catalog are located in East Asia Collection, McKeldin Library on the College Park campus, including books, periodicals, microforms and CD-ROMs.
Understanding Hanyu pinyin (汉语/漢語拼音)
Before you start searching catalog for Chinese materials, you need to know how to romanize Chinese characters. As same as all the other libraries in North America, the Library use Hanyu pinyin (汉语/漢語拼音)as the standard romanization system for Chinese language. Please consult the romanization tables if you are not familiar with pinyin.
Basic Search on Catalog
If you look for the item for which you know the title, author or subject, you may search catalog by "Title beginning with...", "Author beginning with..." or "Subject beginning with...":
- Title beginning with... Type in a book or periodical title in pinyin, starting from the first character. For example, type in "she diao ying xiong zhuan" to find 射雕英雄传/傳, or type in "yi ge ren de sheng jing" to find 一个人的圣经/一個人的聖經.
- Author beginning with... Type in the personal and corporate name that appears as the author, e.g. type in “jin yong” to find all the works by 金庸, or “zhongguo guo min dang” to find all the works by 中国国民党/中國國民黨. You should follow “family name-space-given name’ in order when you type in a personal name, and remember that multi-character personal names or place names are joined in Pinyin, such as “gao xingjian’ (高行健) or “zhongguo” (中国/國). Also, be aware that there are a few Chinese personal names not romanized in pinyin, such as “sun yat-sen” (孙/孫中山), “chiang kai shek”(蒋介石) and “lee teng-hui” (李登辉/輝). Keep it in mind that you will get the works not only in Chinese but also in other languages if you search by author. But you can limit your search to Chinese works only with advanced search (see below).
- Subject beginning with... Type in a main heading from the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), followed by subheadings for more precise results, e.g. type in “China history Tang dynasty” (for China - History - Tang dynasty, 618-907 in LCSH) to find all the works about Chinese history during Tang dynasty. LC Subject Headings are basically English words but those of Chinese name or title headings could be in pinyin. For example, if you want to search for the works about 红楼梦/ 紅樓夢, just simply type in “hong lou meng” as a subject. Remember that when you type in a Chinese personal name as a subject, e.g. 鲁/魯迅, you are searching for the works about the person but not by the person. Also, as same as a search by author, you will retrieve the works in other languages than Chinese with a search by subject.
If you do not have any full titles, author names or subject headings in your mind, you may search catalog by keywords, the words in title, author, subject or anywhere.
- Title word/s A title word could be any Chinese character in pinyin. However, searching by Chinese character in titles alone does not work well sometimes. Since the homonym problem with pinyin, you can get meaningful outcome only if the title contains more enough Chinese characters with fewer homonyms. For example, it will be good if you type in “wen hua da ge ming” to find the books with the title containing 文化大革命 (cultural revolution). But if you type in “zhongguo li shi” for 中国 历史/中國歷史, you will get too many hits and many of them are not related to Chinese history at all. To solve this problem, you need to search the words as word phrase(s) and/or add keyword(s) in other fields such as subject (see “Advanced search” below).
- Subject word/s Search by subject word(s) if you are not able to follow LC hierarchical main headings and subheadings in order. For example, you can just type in “Tang history” instead of “China history Tang dynasty”, which is used in “Subject beginning with”. But you will get more hits, including the works about literatures, arts and other subject fields related to Tang dynasty.
- Word/s anywhere If you want to get a book for which you know some words from the title, author and/or subject, you may search it by word/s anywhere to get more relevant hits. For example, you can type in “tang (title or subject) history (subject) chen (author)” to retrieve all the books about Tang history written by 陈/陳寅恪.
Advanced Search(word search) on Catalog
Select Advanced Search Option on the "yellow bar" on the top of the screen.
- Using "two word phrase" instead of "words"
Using two word phrases instead of separated words to reduce irrelevant hits. If you search “li shi” (历/歷史, history) in title as two word phrase, for example, you will get less but more relevant hits compared to search as words (“li” and “shi”).
- Combining words using Boolean operators
- AND - Retrieves the items that contain all of word phases or words connected with AND. The word phases or words could be in the same or different fields. For example, you can type in “tang shi” (唐史 not 唐诗 /詩) as a word phase in title and “history” as a word in subject to retrieve the books about Tang history but not Tang poems.
- OR - Retrieves the items that contain any of word phases or words connected with OR. For example, type in “fo jiao”, “fo jia” and “fo xue” in title as word phase and connect them with OR to get all books contain “佛教”, “佛家” or “佛学/學” in title. When you are not sure if琼/瓊瑶 is separated two words or joined one word, for another example, just type in “qiong yao” as word phase in one field and “qiongyao” as word in another field and combine them with operator OR. You will get all the items written by琼/ 瓊瑶 no matter the romanized author name is separated or joined.
- NOT - Retrieves the items that contain some word phases or words but not others connected with NOT. Again, the word phases or words could be in the different fields. For example, if you are looking for the works about Three Kingdoms history but not fiction such as 《三国演义》, you can type in “china history three kingdoms” as a word phase firstly in “subject” field and “fiction” secondly in “subject” fields and combine
- Limit search by format, language, location and year/s It is always good to limit your search by language or location if you are looking for Chinese materials only, especially when searching word phases or words are author or subject.